Empowering Waste Workers and their Communities
Chris has been a waste collector since 2018. While he is proud of his contributions to the cleanliness of his community, he has been hoping for changes.
“I used to dread rainy season the most,” he shares.
“We did not have protective equipment except for gloves, so, every time it rains hard while we were doing the job, we were soaking wet with the garbage. It would have helped if people segregated their wastes. Sadly, they weren’t as disciplined as we hoped. We would spend hours in the materials recovery facility(MRF) sorting the trash.”
With only gloves to protect him, he would worry about his health and also his family’s. There were days, he said, when he couldn’t report for work for a week because he’d often get sick.
The situation of Chris is not new in the Philippines. Although the country has several laws related to solid waste management, strict implementation remains a problem, causing adverse impact not just to the environment but also to waste workers’ welfare. A compliance audit on 178 local government units (LGUs) showed that from 2011-2017, 27.53% did not comply with regulations for segregation at source while 23.03% did not comply with regulations on segregated collection.
Recognizing these challenges and the vulnerability of waste workers like Chris, World Vision and Ecowaste Coalition, with funding from the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Global Development (BMZ) are implementing the PHINLA Project. PHINLA, coined from the name countries the project is being implemented in (the Philippines, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka) seeks to empower waste workers and communities affected by poor waste management by using waste as a resource to create meaningful employment and to earn income, while tackling health and environmental issues associated with waste management.
In Barangay Cugman, Cagayan de Oro, Mindanao, where Chris comes from, one of the project’s main initiatives, to date, involved organizing the waste workers association and training them to create a better collection system and MRF for the community. People from the village, mostly volunteers who identify themselves as eco warriors, do daily house to house waste collection using the 17 pedicabs and 5 motorbikes that the PHINLA project provided. To further help them earn income in this phase of the project, the village created an incentives based system depending on the weight of the recyclables collected to encourage the practice of proper waste segregation.
On the next phase of the project, PHINLA will help the village establish the waste collectors’ association as a business enterprise, functioning and earning income on its own to provide salary for waste workers.
Since the group of waste workers was officially organized on the first week of August 2020, Chris has seen significant changes.
“This is a big relief for me and my co-workers who are in-charge of delivering wastes to the MRF. First, we no longer spend a lot of time segregating wastes because this task is already done by the house to house collectors. Second, the motorbikes that were provided to the village through this project is also helping us manage our time better.”
The community used to collect garbage using just one garbage truck. It would take them at least 4-5 hours for collection alone. With 17 pedicabs, they can now collect simultaneously, saving them time and delivery to the MRF situated on top of the mountains is made easier with the use of the motorbikes.
“Above all these improvements I’ve seen, I am most thankful for the provision of protective equipment,” he shares. Especially with the COVID-19 pandemic, Chris feels supported when he received gloves, boots, raincoats and masks, that he can use whenever he collects garbage.
The PHINLA project through World Vision and Ecowaste Coalition continue its work, not only in CDO, but also in Quezon City and Davao, providing training and equipment necessary to help the community and its waste workers.
“Through our Global Program that intends to develop livelihood opportunities for poverty affected population through a multi-sectoral established and monitored waste management system, we have already seen important achievements in all three countries of implementation from program inception in September 2019 till now. Still, more work needs to be done in ensuring its sustainability, including engaging more and more vulnerable groups in income generating activities at Waste Collection/Recycling Centers, increasing awareness of general public in waste reduction/recycling/reuse matters and adherence of households to the different waste segregation practices and laws in the country,” shares Giorgi Devidze, PHINLA Global Program Director.